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PETS paper II: Thermal Inversion Agents in KELT-20 b/MASCARA-2 b ?>

PETS paper II: Thermal Inversion Agents in KELT-20 b/MASCARA-2 b

The second paper of the PEPSI Exoplanet Transit Survey (PETS) performs a search for possible atomic and molecular species that may drive the thermal inversion in the atmospheres of ultrahot Jupiters, and it rules out several species in the case of KELT-20 b/MASCARA-2 b: Title: “The PEPSI-LBT Exoplanet Transit Survey (PETS). II. A Deep Search for Thermal Inversion Agents in KELT-20 b/MASCARA-2 b with Emission and Transmission Spectroscopy” Johnson, Marshall C.; Wang, Ji; Pai Asnodkar, Anusha; Bonomo, Aldo S.; Gaudi,…

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Paper on AU Mic and planet-triggered flares ?>

Paper on AU Mic and planet-triggered flares

One possible manifestation of (magnetic) star-planet interactions is flare triggering by a planet passing by some active region of the star and disturbing the magnetic field structure of the active region enough that a flare is triggered earlier than it usually would have occurred. My PhD student Ekaterina Ilin recently studied the many TESS-observed flares of the young planet-hosting star AU Mic to test whether there is any significant correlation of flare timing with the orbit of the exoplanet or…

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First paper of the PEPSI Exoplanet Transit Survey (PETS) publication series ?>

First paper of the PEPSI Exoplanet Transit Survey (PETS) publication series

Our group is in a collaboration with other groups from Germany, Italy and the US to perform the PEPSI Exoplanet Transit Survey (PETS), which investigates exoplanet atmospheres in transmission and reflection observations. The first paper of the paper series is now published, and it’s an investigation of the nature of 55 Cnc e, a small rocky exoplanet, performed by my postdoc Engin Keles. The PEPSI exoplanet transit survey (PETS) I: investigating the presence of a silicate atmosphere on the super-earth…

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Paper on tidal star-planet interaction ?>

Paper on tidal star-planet interaction

One of the major research questions in my group has reached a milestone – my PhD student Nikoleta Ilic led an investigation of the magnetic activity of planet-hosting stars that are located in wide multiple system with one or more other stars. Such systems allow us to test for an overactivity of the planet host star due to star-planet interaction (SPI) by using the other star(s) in the system as a negative, same-age control. Nikoleta found a significant correlation of…

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Paper on solar H alpha emission ?>

Paper on solar H alpha emission

My group recently collaborated with the solar physics group and in particular Dr. Andrea Dierke for an investigation of solar H alpha emission. The paper is now published! Solar H alpha excess during Solar Cycle 24 from full-disk filtergrams of the Chromospheric Telescope Diercke, A.; Kuckein, C.; Cauley, P. W.; Poppenhäger, K.; Alvarado-Gómez, J. D.; Dineva, E.; Denker, C. The chromospheric H-alpha spectral line is a strong line in the spectrum of the Sun and other stars. In the stellar…

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Paper on helium transits of exoplanets ?>

Paper on helium transits of exoplanets

During the first Covid lockdown I started what I call my little pandemic project. But then all the real-life consequences of living through a worldwide pandemic set in, and it took until early this year to wrap up my project. It is finally done! And it is the first single-author paper I have ever written. Here’s some information on the paper: Helium absorption in exoplanet atmospheres is connected to stellar coronal abundances Poppenhaeger, K. Transit observations in the helium triplet…

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Code published: AltaiPony ?>

Code published: AltaiPony

My PhD student Ekaterina Ilin investigates stellar flares in various space-based observations, and has developed a flare-finding code names AltaiPony already a while ago. We used this in several of her papers, for example for the flare census in open clusters (Ilin et al. 2019, Ilin et al. 2021) and the high latitude flares on M dwarfs (Ilin et al. 2021, blog post). After having it available on github already for a good while, Ekaterina has now also published her…

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Paper on polar flares on fast-rotating M dwarfs ?>

Paper on polar flares on fast-rotating M dwarfs

My PhD student Ekaterina Ilin has discovered a new method to localize flares on fast-rotating stars, using the rotational modulation of flares that last longer than the stellar rotation. With her new method she found that flares on fast-rotating M dwarfs occur close to the poles of the star, instead of neat to the equator like on our own Sun. This could be good news for exoplanets and their habitability, because particles expelled by the star during flares may miss…

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Paper on the X-ray irradiation and evaporation of exoplanets ?>

Paper on the X-ray irradiation and evaporation of exoplanets

Our group’s first paper using data from the German-Russian eROSITA mission has been accepted for publication. My PhD student Grace Foster has investigated the X-ray irradiation and estimated the evaporation of exoplanets using data from eROSITA’s first and second all-sky scan. The paper is available here: Exoplanet X-ray irradiation and evaporation rates with eROSITA Foster, G. ; Poppenhaeger, K. ; Ilic, N. ; Schwope, A. High-energy irradiation is a driver for atmospheric evaporation and mass loss in exoplanets. This work…

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Paper on the day-side temperature of KELT-1b, a low-mass brown dwarf ?>

Paper on the day-side temperature of KELT-1b, a low-mass brown dwarf

In a recent work by Prof. Carolina von Essen, with large contributions from our group from the side of Dr. Matthias Mallonn (and minor contributions from myself), we investigate the TESS phase curve and the dayside temperature of KELT-1b, which is a bit too heavy to still be called a planet and is therefore classified as a low-mass brown dwarf. From the abstract: We present the detection and analysis of the phase curve of KELT-1b at optical wavelengths, analyzing data…

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